Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Ladies AND HEART DISEASE Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Heart assaults and coronary illness is not, at this point considered an infection that influences just men. Ladies are in danger for these ailments as well. Indeed, coronary illness is the main source of death among ladies. American ladies are bound to bite the dust from coronary illness than from bosom disease. It w3as said by the Texas Heart Institute that this infection executes a bigger number of ladies more than 65 than all diseases joined. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Many times ladies are more averse to endure a respiratory failure than men are. The purpose for this could be that coronary episode side effects in ladies are here and there unique in relation to those accomplished by men. A lady having a respiratory failure may just feel torment in the arm or back, they may have some sickness or wooziness. Brevity of inhale can likewise be a factor. Many hazard factors that add to coronary illness can be controlled. Stopping smoking, bringing down cholesterol and managing our circulatory strain are a few things we as a whole ought to consider. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Smoking is a main consideration for coronary illness. It brings down the great cholesterol, which thusly increases the danger of coronary illness. Albeit smoking in this nation has been on the decrease in the previous years, the quantity of ladies who smoke has expanded. Fortunately regardless of to what extent somebody smokes the hazard can be immediately diminished by stopping. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Cholesterol levels are additionally identified with a personÃ¢â¬â¢s danger of coronary illness. Commonly cholesterol can be kept up by diet, while others may need to take medicine to treat it. An examination detailed by the American Journal of Cardiology found that HDL (high-thickness lipoprotein) levels were the most significant indicator of your heart wellbeing. The higher a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s HDL is the more outlandish she is to have heart issues. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Hypertension likewise referred to just as hypertension is a typical issue identified with coronary illness. At the point when an individual has hypertension, the heart needs to work more enthusiastically. It additionally accelerates the solidifying of the corridors (atherosclerosis). Albeit hypertension can't be restored, it very well may be controlled with a solid eating regimen, practice and if important medicine Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã With momentum measurements uncovering huge contrasts among people with coronary illness ladies all in all, need to turn out to be progressively mindful.
Posted by Lu Sipes at 5:03 PM
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Question: How to the Fast Advancement in the Technological Field? Answer: Introducation: With the headway in the mechanical field, terms and states of an agreement are not really perused by the individuals who get influenced because of it (QC, 2015). Agreements are marked and receipts are acknowledged or a tick-box on web-based interface is checked without thinking about the understanding necessities. In the article distributed in the Guardian in 2011, it was accounted for that terms and conditions are perused uniquely by 7 percent of the British individuals when they pursue any items or administrations online(Smithers, 2011). It might be because of a general misguided judgment among individuals that all customer contracts have same terms and conditions (TC) and there is no effect of these TCs on the people. The purpose for this was seen as the exhausting and long terms states of the agreement. Moreover, the agreements that are commonly marked without understanding the terms and conditions are well on the way to happen between the outsized organizations and explicit purc hasers (Menon, 2016). It may likewise be bantered to be thought about through check boxes the sites from where the items have been bought that terms are non transferable and firm since dealings had not been performed with an individual in genuine. The law really comprehends this circumstance of the purchasers in custom-based law just as in act (Woan, et al., 2015). According to the general law, the marking of the agreement indicates that the gatherings are consented to the terms and conditions which are remembered for the agreement (Consult Australia, 2017; Wiley, 2017; Australian Contract Law, 2016). After the turn of events and progress in the field of innovation, neighborhood just as global commercialization experienced gigantic extension and with numerous business exchanges, the necessity for legitimate assurance expanded especially for the exchanges the nation over. To empower the online arrangement of agreements, an extensive law may be required which could affirm the development of the agreement through electronic methods. Be that as it may, web based business law doesn't require guidelines and codes and there is no particular controller fundamental and accessible in the vast majority of the wards. All the gatherings to the agreement are required to have the limit and capacity to go into online agreements as per the law and doesn't require any enlistment or to get specific accreditation. The general court framework gives proper authorization and appropriate audit of the arrangement of agreements on the web. In any case, the courts require certain progressions to the princip les and methods with respect to the confirmation of proof affirmation and revelation techniques. Locale for the most part subjects as far as possible and that is the reason; its application to the web becomes flawed when there probably won't be any regional fringes and physical nearness in the discussion. Accordingly, the intercession of Parliament and court would be the most fitting approach to manage the use of agreement law to the online exchanges. The topic of ward despite everything emerges for online exchanges which can be partitioned into two sections for example the pertinent law under which online exchange related debate are required to be chosen and the area of the discussion, in which, the court is required to think about the contest. The event of a contest between the individuals who are agreeable to ward being in the area of the purchaser and the individuals who favor of being in the locale where the business is arranged has become an issue of contention. Various nation s bolster various tests for example some incline toward business area while some favor buyer habitation. In issues of internet business ward, laws of the nation don't assume a huge job as such yet open worldwide law and global and provincial understandings and different understandings with respect to bargains on a universal level assume a critical job. For this reason, guidelines and codes are additionally not required. Internet business or online exchange related lawful exercises don't require explicit controller and there is no accessibility of national or universal controller that could assume a critical job in the viewpoints identified with web based business law. There are sure worldwide guidelines that have just been created for the arrangement of ward in gets that are being made on the web. One such standard is the International Chamber of Commerce that has advertised model provisos to be remembered for e-business contracts which end up being gainful in advancing the prescribed procedures and improving consistency in web based business exchanges. The huge job of courts is in upho lding and with the end goal of audit of the reasonable ward if there should be an occurrence of debates in regards to online exchange or internet business. Without universal and provincial understandings and settlements, it turns into the obligation of the court to choose the locale of online business exchanges. Besides, the lawful foundation which is exceptionally noteworthy for global law requires compelling execution of laws which are surrounded by the Parliament of the nation itself. That is the reason; there is a necessity of successful enactment made by the Parliament and the courts to direct that the laws be executed by the nationals of the nation. If there should be an occurrence of internet business exchanges, the gatherings to the agreement never meet each other which make evident trust issues among them and furthermore make it hard to guarantee that the gatherings would act legitimately and the exchange would be considered as lawful. In nearness of inconsistent bartering power between the gatherings to the agreement, specific concern identified with such questions emerges. Online agreements are basic since it assumes a noteworthy job in web based business by determining the terms and conditions which administer the exchanges. In this manner, there is a necessity of a particular assortment of law so as to guarantee conviction in web based business and internet contracting process. For instance in Australia, Electronic Transaction Act 1999 has built up that electronic correspondence is passable for the agreement arrangement reason without understanding (Galexia, 2017). In Canada likewise, in electronic exchanges as the trading of offer and acknowledgment by the gatherings can't be resolved, in such circumstances, the agreement is said to have finished when affirmation of acknowledgment of the offer is imparted to the offertory. The execution of the law of agreement to the online exchanges is sensible adopting into thought this strategy of the administration of various states. The UCTA was additionally presented by the Parliament so as to control the combination and judiciousness of the avoidance provisions in the agreements and its specialists permit courts to express certain prohibition conditions inadequately (Erdle, 2001). Parliament has required reinforcing the courts capacity to change down to earth shamefulness essentially purchaser contracts (Queen Mary Law Journal, 2013). In this way, it very well may be presumed that the activity taken by the Parliament and courts of different countries during the time spent usage of agreement law to the online exchanges would be suitable. Realities Clover has been worried because of her weight that is the reason her better half Darren talented her a fresh out of the box new Pro Row machine. Clover turned out to be eager to such an extent that she chose to promptly attempt her new paddling machine. She read the Instruction Manuel cautiously and utilized the paddling machine according to the guidance. In spite of the fact that, due to some surrender in the rower, the link got separated on the machine because of which Clover trip off the rear of the paddling machine on the divider despite and fell seriously on her good faith because of which she endured broken tailbone and extreme wounds on her lower back. On account of the wounds, Cloverslower back must be operated.She was hospitalized for next hardly any months. After the activity additionally, she will require a mobile stick for rest of her life. Likewise, she won't have the option to lift or move without torment. Additionally in view of this injury, she has would not have the option to proceed with her activity as a medical attendant. Days passed by, because of diminishing deals, ElecPar advertised in various nearby and territorial papers with respect to the Pro Row available to be purchased at a markdown cost. The organization likewise promoted that it had restricted supply of Rowers at its stores and would be not able to asset the gear in any kind of sensible amount. Issues a) Will Clover be effective in a case for repayment of cost brought about because of her wounds and if so from whom would she make the case. b) Is there a chance of any move that could be made against ElecPar for the assertions which have been made in regards to the utilizations and points of interest of the Pro Row c) Is there a break or ridiculing of the ACL for deluding guarantee made in promotions that they have none or restricted stock. Appropriate laws Clover has gone into a legally binding relationship with the Gym G retailer and producer Elec Par Pty Ltd. As the organization in Australia collected the electronic rower under the brand name Pro Row with the parts imported from outside the nation (AustLII, 2017). There are not many basic prerequisites for an agreement to be substantial in Australia. There must be a finished up understanding between the gatherings which ought to include the acknowledgment of an offer. The gatherings to the agreement are required to have the aim to have the legitimately authoritative understanding. Segment 3 of ACL considers client as a person who acquires products or administrations for individual, neighborhood or household utilization or with the end goal of utilization that is estimated underneath or above $40,000. In this manner, Clover will be considered as a customer under the shopper law of Australia. Upper leg tendon arrangements with the buyer insurances which are appropriate for the most part to make expansive norms of direct in exchange or trade. As indicated by Section 55, merchandise are required to be reasonably appropriate for an assurance that a purchaser
Posted by Lu Sipes at 5:12 AM
Thursday, August 6, 2020
Actor-Observer Bias in Social Psychology More in Theories Social Psychology Behavioral Psychology Cognitive Psychology Developmental Psychology Personality Psychology Biological Psychology Psychosocial Psychology The actor-observer bias is a term in social psychology that refers to a tendency to attribute ones own actions to external causes while attributing other peoples behaviors to internal causes. It is a type of attributional bias that plays a role in how we perceive and interact with other people. Essentially, people tend to make different attributions depending upon whether they are the actor or the observer in a situation. What Is Actor-Observer Bias? The actor-observer bias tends to be more pronounced in situations where the outcomes are negative. For example, in a situation where a person experiences something negative, the individual will often blame the situation or circumstances. When something negative happens to another person, people will often blame the individual for their personal choices, behaviors, and actions. For example, when a doctor tells someone that their cholesterol levels are elevated, the patient might blame factors that are outside of their control such as genetic or environmental influences. But what about when someone else finds out their cholesterol levels are too high? In such situations, people attribute it to things such as poor diet and lack of exercise. In other words, when its happening to us, its outside of our control, but when its happening to someone else, its all their fault. Researchers have found that people tend to succumb to this bias less frequently with people they know well, such as close friends and family members. Why? Because we have more information about the needs, motivations, and thoughts of these individuals, we are more likely to account for the external forces that impact behavior. Understanding the Actor-Observer Bias So what causes the actor-observer bias? One possible reason is that when people are the actors in a situation, they cannot see their own actions. When they are the observers, however, they are easily able to observe the behaviors of other people. Because of this, people are more likely to consider situational forces when attributing their own actions, yet focus on internal characteristics when explaining other peoples behaviors. For example, imagine that your class is getting ready to take a big test. You fail to observe your own study behaviors (or lack thereof) leading up to the exam but focus on situational variables that affected your performance on the test. The room was hot and stuffy, your pencil kept breaking, and the student next to you kept making distracting noises all throughout the test. When you get your results back and realize you did poorly, you blame those external distractions for your poor performance instead of acknowledging your poor study habits prior to the test. One of your friends also did quite poorly, but you immediately consider how he often skips class, never reads his textbook, and never takes notes. Now that you are the observer, the attributions you make a shift to focus on internal characteristics instead of the same situational variables that you feel contributed to your own substandard test score. What Impact Does This Bias Have? Obviously, the actor-observer bias can be problematic and often leads to misunderstandings and even arguments. In an argument, it may be common for both sides to see themselves as responding to what the other does. He started it! is a common complaint, often heard on both sides, because each side attributes its own behavior to the situation but the others behavior to their traits and other dispositions, authors Baumeister and Bushman explain in their book Social Psychology and Human Nature. It seems natural to infer that they are fighting because they are mean, whereas we are fighting because they attacked us. Or, in the simpler words of pro hockey play Barry Beck on a brawl that broke out in one game, We have only one person to blame, and thats each other!
Posted by Lu Sipes at 7:23 PM
Saturday, May 23, 2020
The walkthrough of both the origin and destination facilities are extremely important for the relocation. I need to be prepared to present the mover at the time of the walkthrough with the three (3) inventories that I prepared, along with a summary of place of stay, any loading or delivery restrictions, and my ideal time for the move. The best way to plan the relocation would be to give the responsibilities to a movie company. I would acquire a minimum of three (3) estimates and a maximum of five (5) estimates. I need all companies to provide a list of places to stay in Thailand. Since the price of the move is a major consideration, it is a good idea to work through each of the estimates that are provided and break out the major cost components before beginning my final evaluation and selecting a place to stay. Today being, 28/01/2014, I have six from this day. So ideally my day of final relocation would be approximately 1st of August, 2014. Count Down to Move Day Six Months Prior t o Move Day (Prepare a budget and choose the available options of stay) Obtain all the available options for places to stay. We will write a custom essay sample on The General Steps for Job Relocation or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page Three months Prior to Move Day (01/04/2014) (Insurance policies) Select the level of additional insurance or valuation coverage that will be needed to protect the place of stay or apartment during the relocation. Make lists of all equipment that will need special servicing prior to or following the move. Order new checks in case I need them later. Notify any county, state or federal agencies of your anticipated move; let them know the address and the anticipated effective date. Six Weeks Prior to Move Day (15/05/2014) (Alerting the relatives discarding unwanted items).
Posted by Lu Sipes at 9:28 AM
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Schizophrenia Child schizophrenia, like other psychopathologies has many documented, and several uncertain causes. Some scientists have evidence that pregnant mothers have experienced an immune reaction that present dangers to the unborn child. Schizophrenia is a disorder where the body=s immune system attacks itself. Schizophrenia is not present at birth but develops during the adolescence period or young adulthood. ASchizophrenia is a biological brain disease affecting thinking, perception, mood, and behaviour. Its exact cause is unknown but overwhelming evidence points to faulty chemistry or structural abnormalities in the brain. In some cases schizophrenia is generic. Schizophrenia strikes one in 100 people at some point in his/herÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Schizophrenics thought process is very Aloose@. Their thought s may shift rapidly from one unrelated topic to the next. They may make up their own words or use sounds or grunts to substitute words. These symptoms do not mean that people with schizophrenia are out of touch with the world completely, they know that roads are used for driving cars, and that people eat meals three a day. Schizophrenia affect both men and women equally. Along with delusions, hallucinations, and thought disorders, they also suffer from paranoia, high anxiety , low stress tolerance, low motivation, lack of energy and the inability to feel pleasure. This makes work, leisure, relationships and even everyday tasks difficult, sometimes impossible. These are concerns not only for the people diagnosed with this psychopathology but for their friends and family. Family is looked upon for support in not only everyday tasks, but in dealing with this disorder whether its in remission or relapse. With schizophrenia there is the risk of suicide. ATen percent of all people with schizophrenia commit suicide. Either to escape the torment of their illness. Or because their gt;voices= command them to.@ (Compiled by Ontario Friends of Schizophrenics, Oct. 1994) Many schizophrenics also are incarcerated for crimes that they have committed while in a psychotic state, or are living on the streets, without any treatment. Schizophrenics may become violent while in a psychotic state, and may loseShow MoreRelatedSchizophrenia And Its Effects On Schizophrenia815 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand has schizophrenia. According to Mayo Clinic Ã¢â¬Å"Schizophrenia is a severe brain disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia may result in some combination of hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior. Contrary to popular belief, schizophrenia is not a split personality or multiple personality. The word schizophrenia does mean split mind, but it refers to a disruption of the usual balance of emotions and thinking. Schizophrenia is a chronicRead MoreSchizophrenia And Its Effects On The Development Of Schizophrenia Essay2173 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSchizophrenia Schizophrenia is a life-long disorder that affects about one percent of the population (Mueser McGurk, 2004). The cause of this mental illness is still unclear. Studies have suggested that Schizophrenia does not arise from one factor but from a combination of genetic, environmental, and social factors (Liddle, 1987). People diagnosed with Schizophrenia struggle to deal with a multitude of symptoms that make it difficult to function (Mueser McGurk, 2004). Antipsychotic medicationsRead MoreSchizophrenia Poster Research Topics : Schizophrenia1715 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSchizophrenia Poster Research Topics K - What is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is chronic, severe, and a brain disabling disorder; that has affected people throughout history. It also interferes with a personÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to think clearly, manage emotions, make decisions and relate to others. People with the disorder may hear voices other people do not hear. They may believe other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. This can terrify people with the illnessRead MoreSchizophrenia Essay949 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSchizophrenia One of the major concerns of modern medicine is Schizophrenia. Frey defines schizophrenia as a group of disorders marked by severely impaired thinking, emotions, and behaviors (99). Straube and Oades incorporate more on its definition by saying this illness evokes a fundamental disturbance of personality (92). According to Gottesman, schizophrenia didnÃ¢â¬â¢t exist before the 19th century. He found many facts that lead to this hypothesis, finding no existence of this illness inRead MoreSchizophrenia Essay1411 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSchizophrenia is affecting people more now than a few decades ago. This illness is across the US and is present in every culture. People are now aware and understand how the illness can be devastating to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder of the brain but it is highly treatable. In the US the total amount of people affected with the illness is about 2.2 % of the adult population. The average number of people affected per 1000 total population is 7.2 % per 1000, which means a city thatRead MoreWhat Is Schizophrenia?1499 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat is Schizophrenia? The study of schizophrenia dates back to the early 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s, when a guy by the name of John Haslam published a book called Ã¢â¬Å"Observations of InsanityÃ¢â¬ . In his book he goes into detail about the case studies or patents that show symptoms that we could categorize as schizophrenia disorder (John Haslam). By the end of the 19th Century the concept of schizophrenia was made known by a German psychiatrist by the name of Emil Krapelin. He basically took what he learned from HaslamRead More Schizophrenia Essay1017 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects about one percent of the population. Generally if you have schizophrenia you cut out of contact with real world reality. The word Schizophrenia is Greek for Ã¢â¬Å"split mindÃ¢â¬ . It is common belief that a person with schizophrenia or a Ã¢â¬Å"schizoÃ¢â¬ has a split personality, but actually the personÃ¢â¬â¢s thinking, feelings, and behavior are so far from normal that they get to th e point where they interfere with their ability to function in everyday life. People whoRead MoreAbnormality and Schizophrenia1532 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAccording to Mathers et al., (1996) Ã¢â¬Å"Schizophrenia ranks among the top ten causes of disability worldwide and affects one in one hundred people at some point in their lives.Ã¢â¬ (Cardwell and Flanagan, 2012). Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder which is commonly diagnosed in 15-30 year old individuals. It disrupts a personÃ¢â¬â¢s cognition, perceptions and emotions, making it extremely difficult to diagnose. Bleuler (1911) introduced the term schizophrenia, which translates as Ã¢â¬Ësplit-mindÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËdividedRead MoreSchizophrenia Essay879 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIt has been widely accepted that schizophrenia has a genetic component, with the relative lifetime risk of schizophrenia being reported at around 0.3-0.7% (McGath et al, 2008) although some studies have shown this to be much higher at around 3.5 % (Pedersen et al, 2014). Studies have shown the risk of relatives developing schizophrenia is correlated with the percentage of shared genes (Tsuang, 2000). Twin studies have been utilised to reveal a genetic component, as monozygotic (MZ) twins share 100%Read MoreSchizophrenia Essay1066 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesis schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by irrational thought processes. A person dealing with this debilitating illness may think that people are going to kill them, or kidnap them. Some Schizophrenics often have Ã¢â¬Å"voicesÃ¢â¬ in their heads telling them what to do. In some cases this has caused people to take their lives or try to. Schizophrenia is everywhere you look. Out of one hundred thousand people at least one hundred and fifty people have schizophrenia. Like
Posted by Lu Sipes at 3:16 AM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(98) " with justification for actions and for learning activities they choose in order to be effectual\." Several developments and worldwide alterations have begun to transform the nature of the workplaces and occupations in which they are performed ( Nankervis, Compton A ; Baird 2005 ; Seel 2002 ) . These developments include the influences of globalisation and technological developments every bit good as political, economical, and societal alterations that are associated with the amendments of the new industrial systems and competitory markets or what is called Ã¢â¬ËPostmodernity Ã¢â¬Ë ( Stoll, Fink A ; Earl 2003 ; Hargreaves 1994 ) . Postmodernity is defined as Ã¢â¬Å" a societal status in which economic, political, organisational, and even personal life comes to be organized around really different rules than those of modernness Ã¢â¬ ( Hargreaves 1994, p. We will write a custom essay sample on From Practical Knowledge To Practical Theory Education Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now 9 ) . It is characterized by the demand of flexibleness and reactivity as reflected in decentralised decision-making, level organisational constructions, dynamic webs of collaborative reactivity, and increased personal authorization. In instruction, teacher Ã¢â¬Ës engagement in the alteration procedure is considered critical, particularly if the alteration is complex and affects assorted educational scenes over a long period of clip ( Hargreaves 1994 ) . Teacher Ã¢â¬Ës engagement is to be meaningful and productive when instructors get more than new cognition of teaching method and course of study. Teachers are non merely proficient scholars ; they are societal scholars who play an of import function in society and for society ( Beare 2001 ; Middleton A ; Hill 1996 ) . Schooling in the station modern age trades with personal formation, belief building, developing a universe position, civilization transmittal, and geting the utile cognition and enabling accomplishments ( Beare 2001 ) . Teaching is considered a complex undertaking that involves garnering out a set of specific activities, patterns, and resources in footings of several educational intents ( Sanders A ; McCutcheon 1986 ) . Furthermore, Sanders an d McCutcheon argue that successful instructors should form these multiple factors so that they are effectual in cultivating the acquisition of a peculiar group of students. The cognition which is considered utile for instructors in transporting out this undertaking is practical information organized in the signifier of repertory, thoughts, and schemes that are effectual for them in a specific scene. In the last 2 decennaries, research on instruction has progressively focused on the knowledges that underlie instructors Ã¢â¬Ë schoolroom patterns, instead than on their behaviours ( Van Driel, Verloop A ; De Vos 1998 ) . This alteration in focal point was reinforced by developments in cognitive psychological science. These developments were based on the cardinal premise that instructors Ã¢â¬Ë knowledges and actions influence each other, and, similarly, those instructors Ã¢â¬Ë knowledges and their schoolroom behaviours reciprocally affect each other. These knowledges are referred to instructors Ã¢â¬Ë practical cognition that underlies instructors Ã¢â¬Ë actions. The term practical cognition is drawn from Fenstermacher, who described it as the cognition of instructors ( Husu 1999 ) . Fenstermacher distinguished this type of cognition from formal cognition, which he described as cognition for instructors. Practical cognition is the cognition that instructors generate as a con sequence of their experiences as instructors and their contemplations on these experiences. This cognition is anchored in schoolroom state of affairss ; it includes all the practical quandary that instructors encounter in transporting out purposeful actions ( Munby, Russell A ; Martin 2001 ) . Teacher Ã¢â¬Ës Practical Knowledge Personal cognition is related to the experiences and thoughts that a individual draws upon in order to learn and germinate as a instructor, it relates to adult male Ã¢â¬Ës action and behaviour ( Back 2002 ) . Beliefs, values, attitudes, prejudices, and temperament are footings that relate to this personal cognition. Connelly, Clandinin and He ( 1997 ) refer this pre-articulated sense of instruction as personal practical cognition. For personal cognition to develop, instructors need clip and infinite to reflect on past practical experiences that inform their positions on learning. Nevertheless, instruction is a dynamic procedure that is constructed and continuously re-constructed, as instructors frame new experiences into their personal practical cognition on instruction. Practical cognition is at the centre of a instructor Ã¢â¬Ës professional pattern ( Munby, Russsell A ; Martin 2001 ) . There are four features of practical cognition. First, practical cognition is clip edge. Second, practical cognition is state of affairs specific and does non interpret easy to other, even in similar fortunes. Third, practical cognition is personally compelling. While information acquired in a professional development seminar might be interesting, it will non do the instructor to change pattern unless the particular job addressed is one that instructor is presently confronting in the schoolroom. Finally, practical cognition is directed toward action. The information is acquired Ã¢â¬Ëin usage Ã¢â¬Ë with the professional giving significance to the new information even as he/she is make up oneÃ¢â¬â¢s minding the following action to take ( Schon 1987 ) . From a reappraisal of surveies on instructors Ã¢â¬Ë practical cognition, the undermentioned features are identified: Practical cognition is personal ; each instructor Ã¢â¬Ës practical cognition is to some extent unique, it is defined and adapted to the schoolroom state of affairs, it is based on ( contemplation on ) experience. Practical cognition originates in, and develops through, experiences in instruction, it guides instructors Ã¢â¬Ë pattern, and it is connected with the topic that is taught ( Munby, Russsell A ; Martin 2001 ; Schon 1987 ; Connelly, Clandinin A ; He 1997 ; Driel, Verloop A ; De Vos 1998 ) Practical Knowledge as Theory Marland ( 1998 ) argues that practical cognition serves some of the maps of theory. He asserts that practical cognition provides a footing for instructors to depict and explicate what they do in schoolrooms and why. Practical cognition aid instructors to foretell how pupils might respond, to make up oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mind what is the best response to their reaction, and to bring forth effectual and feasible instruction programs and modify them when necessary or possible. Marland adds that practical cognition serves three standard maps of theory: description, account, and anticipation. Practical theories as Drum sanders and McCutcheon ( 1986 ) point out are markedly different from scientific theories. They lack the conceptual preciseness and generalizability of scientific theories, they have non been formulated in footings of a formal linguistic communication, so, can non be subjected to the same strict logical trials as scientific theories. Practical theories are the conceptual constructions and visions that provide instructors with justification for actions and for learning activities they choose in order to be effectual. You read "From Practical Knowledge To Practical Theory Education Essay" in category "Essay examples" They are considered the rules that guide instructors Ã¢â¬Ë grasps, determinations, and actions. Teachers Practical Theories Marland ( 1998 ) argues that practical theories of instructors are impressions about how to learn. These impressions have been crafted by instructors from their ain experiences of learning for the intent of set uping their peculiar work scenes. Practical theories are hence individualized and context-specific. They are inexplicit in beginning and derived from the experience of learning. Drum sanders and McCutcheon ( 1986 ) specify practical theories as Ã¢â¬Å" the conceptual constructions and visions that provide instructors with grounds for moving as they do, and for taking the instruction activities and course of study stuffs they choose in order to be effectual Ã¢â¬ ( p. 54 ) . Practical theories are considered of import and of value for instructors because they offer their holders guidelines as to what be most effectual in a peculiar educational context. They are prized by instructors who see them as dependable and best ways to continue. For this ground, practical theories could be sometimes immune to alter ( Marland 1998 ) . Fenstermacher ( cited in Husu 1999 ) asserts that justification can take topographic point when logical thinking may demo that action is sensible thing to make, an obvious thing to make, and the lone thing to make under the fortunes. Each one of these is considered a part to the justification of a regulation of pattern. The regulations are justified because they have proven their worth and have hence been approved. Teachers think, both explicitly and implicitly, that their regulations of pattern work. This is why instructors act consequently. They believe that there is a connexion between the regulations of pattern and their intended results ( Husu 1999 ) . Practical theories draw on and incorporate cognition from assorted spheres of practical cognition, such as, cognition of ego, cognition of pupils, cognition direction, cognition of course of study, and cognition of context ( Elbaz 1983, cited in Reading Module 2 ) . Practical theories are considered critical to the success of learning because educational jobs encountered by instructors are normally practical jobs ( Sanders A ; McCutcheon 1986 ) . These jobs can non be solved by merely detecting or contriving new cognition or solution. Drum sanders and McCutcheon ( 1986 ) assert that in order to be effectual in work outing educational jobs, solutions must be put in action to suit in the peculiar fortunes of a specific educational scene. It is of import to detect here that practical theories are non ever consciously held, despite that instructors may frequently explain them. Sometimes, instructors may still move if they are non witting of the grounds for their actions. In this state of affairs, instructors Ã¢â¬Ë actions themselves may be the lone manifestation of what Argyris called their Ã¢â¬Ëtheories-in-use Ã¢â¬Ë , which are realized by instructors through contemplation on their pattern ( Sanders A ; McCutcheon 1986 ) . Teachers in schoo lrooms use more than one theory, some theories could be known to them and some could be non. Whether or non instructors are witting of their theories of action, all what they enact during their Sessionss is rational in the sense that it is intended to carry through some intent and to bring forth a coveted effect ( Marland A ; Osborne 1990 ) . Every instruction pattern used by instructors is employed rationally because instructors are engaged in knowing and purposive action to make conditions suited and facilitate acquisition ( Sanders A ; McCutcheon 1986 ) . Teachers hold thoughts about what is of import to accomplish and what specific patterns they may utilize to learn in a peculiar state of affairs. All these thoughts as Sanders A ; McCutcheon assert might be incorporated into a individual practical theory of learning in the instructor Ã¢â¬Ës head, but more frequently, theories are used together in sets. These theories are developed by instructors over their whole calling by reflecting on what they know of the purposes of instruction, through duologue with, and observation of, other instructors, and by informally detecting their pupils as they talk, write, act, respond, speak, and engage in other activities throughout the twenty-four hours. Schon ( 1987 ) argues that the capacity to develop these meta-structures of cognition can be developed through brooding pattern. Brooding pattern requires that professionals engage in a duologue with themselves and their environments in which they review the jobs that are portion of their day-to-day pattern. The professional, confronted with a surprise job, uses intuition and stored cognition to try solutions, with each effort going progressively closer to an appropriate solution. Throughout this procedure, the professional is forced to oppugn premises about the cognition base, doing a restructuring of schemes of action and apprehensions of the phenomena that occurred. Once the solution is reached, each episode of Ã¢â¬Å" reflecting in action Ã¢â¬ , causes the professional to change pattern behaviour by adding new information to the shop of professional cognition. This increases the organic structure of adept cognition and makes it less differentiated, leting the professional to r eassign cognition across practical state of affairss. Much of the acquisition that is acquired by instructors in the action context is mostly self-validating and self-confirming. Learning basically occurs in fortunes of hot action where determinations must be made rapidly and instinctively, chances to reflect and do significance of the experience are limited. The significance taken from these experiences tend to be self-validating and self-confirming. Components of Practical Theories Literature on instructors Ã¢â¬Ë practical theories depicts most of the constituents of these theories. However, practical theory does non merely consist of constituents but of links among, or inter-relationships among, the constituents. These links or relationships among constituents give the theory its construction or form and find how good it fulfils its map. Footings that are normally appear in the literature in histories of instructors Ã¢â¬Ë practical theories are as follows: instructors Ã¢â¬Ë values, beliefs, rules, regulations, ends, tactics and schemes, normal desirable provinces and pupil provinces, cues, properties, contextual variables, images, metaphors, and pedagogical content cognition ( Marland 1998, 2007 ; Connelly A ; Clandinin 1988 ; Marland A ; Osborne 1990 ; Connelly, Clandinin A ; He 1997 ) . Marland ( 1998 ) argues that instructors are keenly cognizant of how one constituent influences others. Teachers offer accounts for why they adopt different schemes with different categories at the same twelvemonth degree, why they spend more clip with some groups than with others, how their beliefs about pupil larning affect their pick of rules of instructor behaviour and instruction schemes, and how they use the pupil cues to place that provinces of head of pupils. Marland adds that the constituents of practical theories are non isolated, independent, and free-floating units ; they are linked together in a quite important manner. The constituents within a practical theory must complement and back up each other because a practical theory is a program for action. It is directed at accomplishing some ends. In other words, all constituents in a specific lesson program need to work good together in order for the ends of the lesson to be achieved. It is the links between constituents tha t give coherency and integrity of intent to a practical theory ( Marland 2007 ) . The linkages among constituents of a theory are like linkages among words in a sentence. To ease their communicating with each other, the words have to be presented in a peculiar sequence. This careful sequencing of words would give the set of words a significance. In a similar manner, learning becomes meaningful when instructors can do mention to the interactions among the assorted constituents of their theories ( Reading Module 3 ) . Teachers Ã¢â¬Ë Rules Rules are the clear statements used by instructors in schoolrooms to bespeak to pupils what represents appropriate behavior or action ( Marland 2007 ) . Elbaz uses the term, Ã¢â¬Ërule of pattern Ã¢â¬Ë and defines it as Ã¢â¬Å" a brief, clearly formulated statement of what to make or how to make in a peculiar state of affairs often encountered in pattern Ã¢â¬ ( Elbaz, cited in Connelly A ; Clandinin 1988, p. 63 ) . Classroom regulations are normally used by instructors to set up forms of behaviour that facilitate a societal order and productive working scenes, guarantee effectual usage of clip, and facilitate bend taking in treatment and purposeful motion by pupils ( Marland 2007 ) . Rules may hold two signifiers, they could be brief statements or drawn-out description of pattern from which a figure of related regulations may be inferred ( Connelly A ; Clandinin 1988 ) . For illustration, when the instructor provinces at the beginning of twelvemonth to the pupils that he/she will listen really carefully to them, promote them to rephrase, and let them to show their feelings, sentiments, and concerns without judging them. This statement expresses a figure of regulations, such as, listen carefully, encourage pupils to rephrase, let express of feelings, do non judge. All these regulations taken together will organize an attack of communicating in the schoolroom that can be expressed in the statement of a rule. They are called as regulations because they make mention to what and how of the state of affairs with the intent being taken for granted ( Connelly A ; Clandinin 1988 ) . Rules may be suggested by the instructor or formulated jointly by the instructor and pup ils. Seeking pupils input in the preparation of regulations will make a democratic ambiance in the schoolroom and will promote pupils engagement, which increases pupils understanding and committedness. Husu ( 1999 ) argues that regulations are normally justified by instructors because they have proven their worth and have hence been approved. Teachers think implicitly and explicitly that the regulations of pattern used in classrooms work efficaciously. And because they work, instructors act consequently. This type of concluding would warrant a connexion between the regulations of pattern and their intended results in schoolrooms. They are justified because they have met the criterions of the smooth practical action held by the instructor. Rules of pattern are socially constructed ; they emerge from old ages of experience in school scenes. It is a manner instructors found to be effectual in work outing debatable state of affairss. They set a strong organisational power to frequently helter-skelter patterns in the schoolroom. Teachers Ã¢â¬Ë Metaphors Marland ( 2007 ) argues that instructors sometimes refer to learning as mothering, coaching, or horticulture, each one of these descriptions draws attending to some similarities between learning and other activities. This pulling attending to similarities between two things is what a metaphor does. Analysis of these metaphors about learning reveals much about the ways instructors think about learning and how they conceptualize of import facets of their work and how they believe schoolrooms map best. Teacher Ã¢â¬Ës behaviour in schoolrooms is normally consistent with the metaphors used in their negotiations about learning. For this ground, metaphors used by instructors are considered as supplying valuable penetrations into their practical theories. Metaphor is a constituent of personal practical cognition. It can be identified when listening to the instructor Ã¢â¬Ës address ( Connelly A ; Clandinin 1988 ) . It gives inventive look to this cognition that makes it possible for a individual to research concealed rational avenues contained in a metaphor Ã¢â¬Ës frame ( Connelly, Clandinin A ; He 1997 ) . A individual metaphor can be used to depict how instructors view their work in the schoolroom. It can be used to convey cardinal facets of the instructor Ã¢â¬Ës position of instruction and acquisition ( Korthagen A ; Lagerwerf 2001 ) , covering such constituents as ends, tactics, schemes, values, and pupil provinces. Deductions of Teachers Ã¢â¬Ë Practical Theories Marland ( 1998 ) argues that a successful alteration in the instruction perspectives requires developing a committedness to follow new values and beliefs. This hard and time-consuming activity is considered critical because values and beliefs are cardinal to instructors Ã¢â¬Ë impressions about learning. Valuess and beliefs are considered the cardinal constituents of the moral models that instructors hold, which besides influence their decision-making about learning. This moral model motivates and gives purpose and way to believing about learning. Teacher pedagogues that intend to do the displacement need to value practical cognition about learning that pupil instructors develop within their classs. They besides need to value the procedures such as those built-in in critical thought and contemplation that contribute to the acquisition and alteration of practical cognition and theories. Accepting these values would do instructors pedagogues review their beliefs about pupil instructor s, how they learn to learn, the function of the instructor pedagogue, and the nature of cognition. Alliance with the position that instruction is shaped by the practical theories of instructors requires that teacher instruction aid pupil instructors to develop practical theories that are personally meaningful and relevant to the contexts in which they pattern. This end emphasizes the importance of valuing personal liberty, critical thought, and diverseness of learning manners. This end besides requires careful attending to the schemes used in teacher instruction to guarantee that they are effectual in advancing personal and context-specific practical theories to the pre-service instructors. The schemes selected should be influenced by the nature of the topic for which the instructor pedagogue has duty. Besides make up oneÃ¢â¬â¢s minding the appropriate schemes, pedagogues should seek to bring on through their classs the provinces of pupils in order to ease end attainment. Students need to be inquiry-oriented and self-evaluative, to take enterprises and to be originative, and to demo readiness to be brooding and unfastened to other possibilities in order to construct their ain practical theories. Furthermore, pedagogues here play an of import function in easing pupils Ã¢â¬Ë provinces by honoring enterprise, commending soul-searching, back uping flexibleness and bring forthing options, constructing self-pride of pupils, and promote hazard taking. It is imperative for instructor pedagogues to reflect on the rules which they build into their actions to guarantee that they reflect the values, beliefs, schemes, and pupil provinces that facilitate pupil teacher theory-building. Teacher pedagogues need to guarantee that they know plenty about the pupil instructors they are working with in order to be able to polish other characteristics of their practical theories, such as schemes, rules, pupil provinces and ends, and to personalise these in the involvements of maximising benefits for pupil instructors ( Marland 1998 ) . Decision This paper presented an overview of instructors Ã¢â¬Ë practical theories. Practical theories are considered critical to the success of learning because educational jobs encountered by instructors are normally practical jobs ( Sanders A ; McCutcheon 1986 ) . Practical theories are impressions about how to learn, these impressions have been crafted by instructors from their ain experiences of learning for set uping their peculiar work scenes. Practical theory does non merely consist of constituents but of links among, or inter-relationships among, the constituents. These links or relationships among constituents give the theory its construction or form and find how good it fulfils its map. They serve as the background to much of the instructors Ã¢â¬Ë decision-making and action, and therefore represent what has been termed the civilization of instruction. Mentions Back, S 2002, Ã¢â¬ËThe Aristotelean challenge to teacher instruction Ã¢â¬Ë , History of Intellectual Culture, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-5. Beare, H 2001, Making the future school, Routledge Falmer, London. Connelly, FM A ; Clandinin, DJ A ; He, Ming Fang 1997, Ã¢â¬ËTeachers Ã¢â¬Ë personal practical cognition on the professional cognition landscape Ã¢â¬Ë , Teaching and Teacher Education, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 665-74. Connelly, FM A ; Clandinin, DJ 1988, Teachers as course of study contrivers, Teachers College Press, New York. Hargreaves, A 1994, Changing instructors, altering times: instructors Ã¢â¬Ë work and civilization in the postmodern age, Cassell, London. Husu, J 1999, Ã¢â¬ËHow instructors know and know about others? Ã¢â¬Ë paper presented at the 9th Biennial Conference on International Study Association on Teachers A ; Teaching ( ISATT ) , Dublin, Ireland, July, 25 pages. Korthagen, FA A ; Lagerwerf, B 2001, Ã¢â¬ËTeachers Ã¢â¬Ë professional acquisition: how does it work? Ã¢â¬Ë , in FA Korthagen ( ed. ) , Associating pattern and theory. The teaching method of realistic instructor instruction, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, London, pp. 175-206. Marland, P 2007, Learning to learn. A primer for pre-service instructors, Pearson, Gallic Forest, NSW. Marland, PW A ; Osborne, AB 1990, Ã¢â¬ËClassroom theory, believing and action Ã¢â¬Ë , Teaching and Teacher Education, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 93-109. Marland, PW 1998, Ã¢â¬ËTeachers Ã¢â¬Ë practical theories: deductions for pre-service instructor instruction Ã¢â¬Ë , Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education A ; Development, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 15-23. Middleton, M A ; Hill, J 1996, Changing schools: ambitious premises and researching possibilities, Hawker-Brownlow, Melbourne. Munby, H, Russell, T A ; Martin, AK 2001, Ã¢â¬ËTeachers Ã¢â¬Ë cognition and how it develops Ã¢â¬Ë , in V Richardson ( ed. ) , Handbook of research on instruction, 4th edn, American educational Research Association, Washington, pp. 877-904. Nankervis, AR, Compton, RL A ; Baird, M 2005, Human resource direction: schemes and procedures, 5th edn, Thomas Nelson, Melbourne. Drum sanders, CP A ; McCutcheon, G 1986, Ã¢â¬ËThe development of practical theories of learning Ã¢â¬Ë , Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 50-67. Schon, D 1987, Educating the brooding practician, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco. Seel, R 2002, Ã¢â¬ËThe nature of organisational alteration Ã¢â¬Ë , viewed 15 November 2006,. Stoll, L, Fink, D A ; Earl, L 2003, It Ã¢â¬Ës about acquisition ( and it Ã¢â¬Ës about clip ) . What Ã¢â¬Ës in it for schools? , Routledge Falmer, London. Van Driel, JH, Verloop, N A ; De Vos, W 1998, Ã¢â¬ËDeveloping scientific discipline instructors Ã¢â¬Ë pedagogical content cognition Ã¢â¬Ë , Journal of Research in Science Teaching, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 673-95. How to cite From Practical Knowledge To Practical Theory Education Essay, Essay examples
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Friday, May 1, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Lululemon Athletica Competitive Environment. Answer: Introduction: The current business environment is highly competitive especially for firms operating in the same industry. The management of companies strives to come up with strategies for creating a competitive edge against the competitors. Having a competitive advantage ensures a sustainable development for a company in the market. Understanding both the internal and external environmental factors helps managers in driving effective strategic management approaches that suit the current market demands. Lululemon Athletica, a Canadian technical athletic apparel retailer for yoga wear, running, training, and among other many sweaty pursuits. Lululemon offers high-quality clothes to the guests who act as a marketing channel in informing their friends about the excellent offers in by the enterprise (Lululemon Athletica, 2012, p. 283). Having an idea of the surrounding environmental factors affecting the retail industry assists the company efficiently in developing strategic management approaches for sustainable development in the highly competitive market. The following essay provides a critical evaluation of Lululemon's competitive environment in its attempt to gain a sustainable competitive environment in the market. Further, the article analyses both the internal and external environmental factors facing Lululemon's operations as well as their effects on the company's set goals. Lululemons Competitive Environment Lululemon Athletica offers high-quality athletic attire and apparel at affordable prices, yoga pants being the company's prime product. The competitors of Lululemon sell the yoga apparel at a price range of between $25 to $ 50. Surprisingly, the yoga pants available in Lululemon stores are priced almost two or three times more than the rivaling firm's prices, with the costs ranging from $78 to $ 128 per yoga pant (Lululemon Athletica, 2012, p. 285). The ability of the competing firms to sell the same product to the customers at a lower price than that of Lululemon creates pressure on the company's sustainability in the market. However, Lululemon's product sell fast in the market, and this high demand for the business's products creates pressure in its stores when it comes to keeping new lines in stock. Lululemon's has an excellent source of sustainable competitive advantage in the market. The evidence to this argument is that, despite the fact that the company sells its products at high prices, the customers and guest for Lululemon keep on referring other clients to the enterprise. The competitor's approach to reducing down prices does not seem to affect the company's sales. The chief product officer report that the "Paris Pink" product launched in 2011 to last for approximately 60 days sold completely in the first week of December. According to Admson, (2015, p. 50), Lululemon's ability to connect with its guests on a deeper level than just establishing productive customers relationship creates an opportunity for a competitive advantage in the market for its products over the rivaling enterprises. The direct and close competitors for Lululemon are Nike, Adidas, and Under Armour. These competitors, together with Lululemon use the same cotton feel, four-way stretch, and moisture wicking technology. As per Casteneda, (2014, p. 880), on top of producing high-tech yoga clothes, Nike, Adidas, and Under Armour sell at a cheaper cost for their clients and yet they have failed to position themselves in the market firmly as Lululemon has done. However, Lululemon's culture of understanding its target market has been difficult for the competitors to duplicate. Lululemon's ability to remain loyal to the clients and the close relationship it commands is inimitable for likes of Nike, Adidas, and Under Armour. Internal Environmental Factors Impacting Lululemons Ability to Compete in the Future The internal environment of Lululemon refers to the factors that the management can control in their attempt to create a competitive advantage. Usually, the company aims at creating a committed brand suiting the shopper's demands. The following is ana analysis of the effects of internal environmental factors to Lululemon's capabilities and core competencies both in the present and in the future endeavors of the company. Financial Resources Lululemon Athletica is firmly financially positioned in the economic environment. Unlike the other competing firms, namely Adidas, Nike, and Under Armor having debts with the financiers, Lululemon has no debt with any firm. According to Ganin, (2014, p. 937), in the last few years, Lululemon has experienced a consistent growth rate in both the sales and returns. For example, the financial statements of Lululemon from the year ended 2009 to 2012, the company's revenues grew at an average rate pf 41.47 percent. Due to this high amount of capital, this increases Lululemon's ability to compete effectively in the future since its competitors cannot demand the premium yoga apparel lines that Lululemon employs on its products. Target Customers The management of Lululemon recognizes the target audience as the most valuable asset of the organization. Lululemon creates technical fabrics that work for the clients instead of against their demands. Lululemon recognizes the physical and economic aspects of the market in an attempt to achieve a balance between the client's needs and those of the company, and this enables the company to remain competitive (Lululemon Athletica, 2012, p. 290). Lululemon's offers high-quality products for the existing niche market through a combination of a high-performance material with attractive product design features for their customer brands. Employees The management considers all the staff in Lululemon's retail stores as a steward of the company's culture. For enhancing the creativity of new innovative measures for gaining a competitive advantage, the company hires qualified employees. Further after recruitment, all employees undergo a training and development process that induces them to the enterprise's mission and vision. Lavrence and Lozanski, (2014, p. 80) argues that the future success of Lululemon depends on the firms ability to employ experienced personnel in its retail stores. The company's employees share their knowledge of the clothing and culture of the enterprise with the clients who physically visit their store or who interact online with the customer service personnel. Trends in the External Environment Demographic Factors The external environment over which Lululemon operates is particularly interesting due to the niche of the products it offers. The primary target market for Lululemon is female customers aged between the age of 15 to 65 years. However, the company offers some products for the men and even for the children whose age do not exceed four years. With this broad target over the female population, Lululemon commands over 105 million customer base of the US ladies population alone. The evidence that men, children, and international customers offer a substantial profit to the firm, Lululemon should make a change in its strategy of targeting females only. The company should come up with marketing strategies that seek to offer products at an equal measure to all the gender irrespective of age. Economic Factors The economic downtowns limit the consumer discretionary spending in the world market. Over the last three years, the companys sales have continued to grow despite this fact. However, Lululemon does not lower its prices even under situations of economic depressions and downturns, and this may act as a tool for the competitors to compete Lululemon in the future(The context of Business: Understanding the canadian business environment, 2015, p. 220). The management of Lululemon assumes that the effects of changing global economies affects the firm's profitability and cannot be predictable. However, Lululemon should price its yoga clothes according to the economic changes in the marketing environment for this shows its value to the customer's needs and thereby ensuring a firm position in the market. Political and Legal Environment The future uncertainties in the political and juridical measures also affect Lululemon's performance. Both the domestic and international business regulations play a significant role in getting Lululemon's products to the market promptly. Lululemon manufactures its facilities in the US and is mostly based on global factories found in countries like Peru, China, Thailand, Vietnam, and others. The changes in international tax laws bring variability of the company's earnings. Therefore, to ensure a sustained development in the competitive environment, the management should make sure total compliance with the law. Technological Factors The changes in technology have made Lululemon develop strategies of coping with the changes, something that has contributed a lot towards its success. The product attributes of Lululemon are technology driven. For example, the IT personnel uses silver thread in selecting the right brand of products. Further, technology has played a great role in Lululemon's expansion to the international markets. For example, the e-commerce model adoption in 2009 has enabled the company to reach more customers in global locations. Advantages of Lululemons Business Strategy Lululemon's ability to deliver high-quality products that are carefully and successfully tailored to meet the client's tastes and preferences leads to the company's success. The management offers the products at the right time to the customers. The administration of the company uses a marketing strategy that focuses on all clients in all localities by utilizing its ambassadors such as local athletes and yoga instructors; this intensifies the company's customer base in the markets. Through effective communication and establishment of symbiotic relationships between the company's staff and their guests, this fosters a historical success support for the enterprise. The ability to identify markets sharing the common business language such as the United States, Australia, and New Zealand has made it easy for Lululemon to expand its operations and grow internationally. The unique capability of Lululemon in designing and creating technologically advanced products and the approaches for marketing these products to the target market enables the market to make high profits. Business Risks Facing Lululemon Every business remains surrounded by risks that create challenges to its success. The risks facing Lululemon Athletica company operations include: The threat of new entrants who may pose competition in the market. Government regulations, political factors, and economic crises. Technological changes in the business environment. Pressures from the market who may demand more than the companys ability to produce. Potential Challenges for Lululemon as it Expands Internationally A possible problem for Lululemon in its steps to grow internationally remains to be the regulatory frameworks employed by the multinational companies by the targeted state (Lululemon Athletica, 2012, p. 293). The law requires licensing of global players who are expensive for Lululemon to comply. Further, the corporate tax rate applied domestically use for Lululemon as it tries to operate in the international markets. The threat of new entrants in the market also creates pressure for Lululemon since the new entrants in the retail industry bring competition for the available markets in the global world. The continuous efforts of the company to succeed in future on the international market are threatened by the similar firms entering the market(Casteneda, 2014, p. 880). Notably, the leading competitors of Lululemon, Nike and Adidas have also made steps to invest globally where Lululemon still targets. The high cost of conducting market research in the international market is another challenge that Lululemon is likely to face. Before going internationally, companies need to understand the culture, language, and demands of the target market so that they may establish a suitable location for the firm; this may be costly for Lululemon (Roy Banerjee, 2014, p. 219). Since the company seeks to offer high standards products for its suppliers, this requires a significant investment. Therefore, the cost may act as a challenge for Lululemon to expand internationally. Recommendations for Reducing the Potential Risks The management should conduct a thorough environmental scanning so as to identify the most less costly strategies of conducting global market research. Lululemon should efficiently monitor its product lines and manufacturing capabilities in an anti-competitors oriented direction, and this will limit the threats from new entrants. The management of Lululemon should ensure total compliance with the legal requirements when seeking to venture into international markets. Compliance with the international business law will make the company succeed in the foreign market. Lastly, the company should venture its business operations internationally in only locations where its products get demanded and where the people's culture are in conformity with the firm.' Conclusion The business environment affects the performance of an organization. Understanding the environment surrounding a business enables practitioners to design applicable management strategies for gaining a competitive advantage against the rivals. Companies cannot venture their operations in the international market without having succeeded in the domestic market. For a firm to thrive in its performance, the business culture must suit the tastes and preferences of the customers. However, the business environment gets faced with numerous challenges that may hinder a firm from succeeding. These problems include; technological changes, market demand changes, stiff competition, and inadequate finances. Therefore, companies must ensure that they are capable of coping with the business environmental changes before deciding to venture their operations in a particular market, be it domestically or internationally. References Casteneda, C., 2014. America the yogi fun: Insights into American yoga culture today. pp. 880. Ganin, C., 2014. American Apparel, crumbs, cupcakes, and Lululemon: Oh my examples of why increased shareholder involvement will not fix corporate America. Ariz. L. Rev, 56(2), p. 937. Lavrence, C. Lozanski, K., 2014. This is not your practice: Lululemon and the neoliberal government of self. Canadian Review of Sociology, 51(1), pp. 76-94. Retrieved from:https://scholar.google.com/scholar?=Lavrence%2C+C.+%26+Lozanski%2C+K.%2C+2014.+This+is+not+your+practice%3A+Lululemon+and+the+neoliberal+government+of+self.+Canadian+Review+of+SociologybtnG=hl=enas_sdt=0%2C5 Lululemon Athletica (2012) Jenna, Beyer; Leon, Firfman; Eric, Ho; Miso, Kezunovic; Lance, Olian. pp. 283-294 The context of Business: Understanding the Canadian business environment (2015) Karakowsky, Len and Guriel, Natalie. pp. 220. Retrieved from: https://www.pearsoncanada.ca/media/highered-showcase/multi-product-showcase/showcase-websites-4q-2012/karakowsky-preface.pdf
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